The outdoors is fun, lots of fun especially during summer. However, heatstroke is not fun at all and it is so real. Anyway, this is something that you want to avoid by all means. I have been a victim of heat stroke, and I did not like it. It can kill you if you do not access emergency treatment immediately. However, for you to seek treatment, you first have to know that it is heatstroke for sure that you are suffering from.
If your body overheats in summer, that is, you have been outdoors for the better part of the day, you have been feeling hot and all of a sudden, you feel too hot that you cannot really go on. If you check your body temperature with a thermometer and it records a good 40° C or thereabouts, then you are a victim of heatstroke.
Strenuous hiking in summer can cause serious heat stroke. It is recommended that you keep on cooling your body by taking water. Much as a car overheats when it is low on water and is taking a steep hill, your body too could show the same results. Even if you are not hiking, you could also suffer from heatstroke if you over-exercise in hot weather.
Much like fever, a high temperature of the body is the first indication that you are having heat stroke. Even without using a thermometer, an experienced person can tell that you are a victim by a touch on your skin. But high temperature is just the first indication of heatstroke. There are more to look out for.
A victim of heatstroke may show agitation, slurring in their speech, seizure, delirium and quick irritation may also be manifest. Look out for irrational behavior or altered state of mind. You may also want to touch the skin because, in heatstroke, it will be hot and dry to the touch especially if you have been in hot weather. However, if the heatstroke has been brought about by exercise or strenuous activity, it will feel slightly moist.
The skin could flush pink or a red color. The heart rate could also go up as it tries to bring about cooling by pumping more blood around the body. If the victim complains of a throbbing headache, then they most definitely are suffering from heatstroke if it is accompanied by a dry and hot skin.
Sometimes, there will be nausea and vomiting. Even if there is nausea alone and it is accompanied by high body temperature, then it means heatstroke.
What are the other causes of heatstroke?
Apart from outdoor activity and strenuous exercise, there are other causes of heatstroke. For example, many people who use recreational drugs may suffer from heatstroke in summer. People with high blood pressure, those on medication, underweight people, overweight people and those who take too much alcohol can be at risk of suffering heatstroke. The best thing though is that it is preventable. If you live in an area that gets heat waves and is too build-up, the buildings might store a lot of heat and such would easily cause heatstroke to people who are more at risk as described here.
If you are a senior or fall under any of the risk groups as mentioned here, stay safe. Keep indoors, cooling should be effective and when someone near you gets heat stroke, take them in a cool place, give them lots of fluids, place an ice pack in the heat areas like neck, groin, armpits and face. Air conditioning should always be working right.